You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited, a distributor ofearrings to various retail outlets located in shopping malls across the country. In the past, thecompany has done very little in the way of budgeting and at certain times of the year hasexperienced a shortage of cash.Since you are well trained in budgeting, you have been asked to prepare comprehensive budgetsfor the upcoming second quarter in order to show management the benefits that can be gainedfrom an integrated budgeting program. To this end, you have worked with accounting and otherareas to gather the information assembled below.The company sells many styles of earrings, but all are sold for the same price$10 per pair.Actual sales of earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six monthsfollow (in pairs of earrings):The concentration of sales before and during May is due to Mothers Day. Sufficient inventoryshould be on hand at the end of each month to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the followingmonth.Suppliers are paid $4 for a pair of earrings. One-half of a months purchases is paid for in themonth of purchase; the other half is paid for in the following month. All sales are on credit, withno discount, and payable within 15 days. The company has found, however, that only 20% of amonths sales are collected in the month of sale. An additional 70% is collected in the followingmonth, and the remaining 10% is collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts havebeen negligible.2Monthly operating expenses for the company are given below:Insurance is paid on an annual basis, in November of each year.The company plans to purchase $16,000 in new equipment during May and $40,000 in newequipment during June; both purchases will be for cash. The company declares dividends of$15,000 each quarter, payable in the first month of the following quarter.A listing of the companys ledger accounts as of March 31 is given below:3The company maintains a minimum cash balance of $50,000. All borrowing is done at thebeginning of a month; any repayments are made at the end of a month.The company has an agreement with a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of$1,000 at the beginning of each month. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and forsimplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded. At the end of the quarter, thecompany would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest on the loan and as much of the loanas possible (in increments of $1,000), while still retaining at least $50,000 in cash.Required: Note you must show all work. If you utilize a spreadsheet, formulas must be used toprovide the information in cells for each schedule and statement as appropriate. If you utilizea word document, formulas must be provided for the information in each schedule andstatement as appropriate. As appropriate means if a calculation is necessary to provide theinformation.A. Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include thefollowing detailed budget schedules fully supported as noted in the requirements:1.a. A sales budget, by month and in total.b. A schedule of expected cash collections from sales, by month and in total.c. A merchandise purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget bymonth and in total.d. A schedule of expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by monthand in total.2. A cash budget. Show the budget by month and in total. Determine any borrowing thatwould be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $50,000.3. A budgeted income statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Note:a. If your AUID# ends with an even digit, use the contribution format.b. If your AUID# ends with an odd digit, use the traditional format.4. A budgeted balance sheet as of June 30.B. Provide the following ratios for Earrings Unlimited:1. Net&profit&margin for&the&Quarter2. Return&on&Assets&for&the&Quarter3. Return&on&Stockholders&Equity for&the&Quarter
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