According to Locke there is nothing better that human beings have done for themselves than to invent money (Second Treatise, §§45-51). For Socrates in constructing the city in speech, it is necessary to forbid the ruling and auxiliary (military) classes the use of money (“and thus they would save themselves as well as save the city”[417a]). What explains so sweeping a disagreement between the two?
In answering this question you will want to begin by taking a careful look at the passages cited and the arguments by means of which the authors advance their contrasting positions.
You will want to place these arguments in their respective immediate contexts (Locke’s account of property, on the on hand; Socrates’ project of building the city in speech on the other).
Lastly, you’ll want to consider Plato’s and Locke’s overall purposes in writing their respective books, and how these arguments relate to those purposes.
Only cite the book (The republic), no outside sources. 2750 words max